How daylight saving time works and why these states want to ditch it
iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Most Americans will be moving their clocks forward on Sunday morning for daylight saving time, but at least two U.S. states are looking to end the tradition of re-setting the time twice a year.
A bill to allow the Sunshine State to remain on daylight saving time year-round has been sent to Florida Gov. Rick Scott to be signed. If the Sunshine Protection Act is passed, Florida residents will be able to enjoy more evening sunshine in the winter by forgoing setting the clocks back in the fall.
The state of Massachusetts is considering ditching daylight saving time altogether for the Atlantic Standard Time, joining places like Nova Scotia and Puerto Rico, according to Boston.com. Since New England is hundreds of miles farther east than other areas in Eastern Standard Time, it gets darker much earlier.
Other states in the Northeast are considering the move as well. Last year the Maine House and Senate passed separate bills in support of ditching daylight saving time, but only if Massachusetts and New Hampshire do too, Boston.com reported.
Hawaii does not observe daylight saving time, and neither does Arizona, minus the Navajo Nation in the northeastern part of the state, according to NASA. Indiana began practicing daylight saving time in 2006.
What is daylight saving time?
It was invented to make the best use of daylight hours. Benjamin Franklin created the concept of daylight saving time, according to NASA, and it has been used throughout much of the U.S., Canada and Europe since World War I.
Any state can opt out of it
All it has to do is pass a state law.
The official start/stop dates have been amended multiple times
In 1966, former President Lyndon Johnson signed a law stating that daylight saving time begins on the last Sunday of April and ends on the last Sunday in October of each year, according to NASA.
The law was amended in 1986, and daylight saving time officially began on the first Sunday in April, but the end date remained the same.
Former President George W. Bush signed an energy policy bill in 2005 that would extend Daylight Saving Time by four weeks, beginning on the second Sunday of March, according to NASA, and it went into effect in 2007.
It’s referred to as “summer time” in Europe
Most of Europe observe summer time, which begins on the last Sunday of March and ends on the last Sunday of October.
It may affect your health
According to Health.com, In vitro fertilization success rates drop in March, immediately following the time change. In addition, heart attacks spike after the spring time change, and the number of strokes rises when daylight saving time starts and ends.
Exhaustion and fatigue are a common effect as well, especially in teenagers, Health.com reported.
Tips to alleviate the switch
Those worried about easing into a new schedule can take small steps like eating dinner early, using a lightbox in the morning, taking an afternoon nap and avoiding screens before bedtime.
For tips on how to survive the start of daylight saving time, read here.
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